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     Acta Palaeontologica Romaniae (APR) - Publication Ethics & Publication Malpractice Statement

Acta Palaeontologica Romaniae (APR) is a full open-access peer-reviewed scientific journal committed to ensuring the highest standards of publication ethics. All parties involved in the act of publishing (editors, authors, reviewers and the publisher) have to agree upon standards of ethical behavior. The ethics statements for our journal are based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Editors' responsibilities
Publication decisions

The Editor and the executive editorial board of APR (hereafter, the Editors) are responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal will be published. In making these decisions, they are guided by the policies of the journal (APR Guidelines for Submission and Publication of Manuscripts, available at, based on their importance, originality and clarity, as well as on the validity of the study and its relevance to the journal's scope.
Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism are also be considered during all stages of the submission process, and submissions can be rejected outright at any stage if serious breaches to such requirements are identified and/or brought to the attention of the Editors.

Any manuscripts received for review must be, and will be, treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the handling Editor. 
Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an Editor's own research without the explicit written consent of the Author(s).

Reviewers' responsibilities
Contribution to editorial decisions
Peer review assists the Editors in making editorial decisions and, through the editorial communication with the Author(s), is instrumental in assisting the Author(s) in improving their manuscript.
Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents, and sharing information from/about these to third parties, in any form or modality, is strictly prohibited.
Any invited referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or is aware that its timely review will be impossible should immediately notify the handling Editor so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.
Standards of objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively and without any hidden prejudice. Reviewer observations, comments or suggestions should be relevant to the content, and formulated clearly with supporting arguments, so that these should allow the Authors to improve the manuscript.
Disclosure and conflict of interest
Reviewers should turn down invitations in cases where conflicts of interest can arise, resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the Authors, as well as with any companies or institutions connected to the manuscript.

Authors’ responsibilities
Reporting standards
Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the manuscript. The manuscript should contain sufficient details and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.
Originality and Plagiarism
The Authors should ensure that their submitted work is original and has not been published as such elsewhere in any language (except in the form of a conference abstract or as part of a published lecture or thesis). In cases where the Authors have used content and/or extensive wording from other publications (either their own, or published by different authors), these have to be appropriately cited or quoted.
While drafting the manuscript, applicable copyright laws and conventions should be followed. Copyrighted material (e.g. tables, figures or extensive quotations) included in the manuscript should be reproduced only with appropriate permission, and acknowledgement.
The Author(s) of manuscripts published in APR retain the copyright of their contibutions; these can be shared (uploaded to personal websites and/or otherwise distibuted) without restriction, provided the original source (APR) is properly credited. In case of subsequent (self)replication of any part of the published papers, proper credit must be given to the original authors and source.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication
An Author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.
Acknowledgement of sources
Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature, results and other outcomes of the reported research.
Authorship of the paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the research reported in the manuscript. However, all those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.
The Corresponding Author represents the only authorised link of the authorship with the journal; he/she should ensure that all appropriate co-authors are included in the author list of the manuscript, and that there is a full consensus of all co-authors in approving the final version and its submission for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Authors should disclose financial or other conflict of interest that might influence the results or interpretations presented in their manuscript. All sources of financial support should be disclosed, and properly acknowledged.
Fundamental errors in published works
When an Author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the Author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editors and cooperate with them to retract or correct the manuscript.

Publisher’s responsibilities
As publisher of the journal APR, the Romanian Society of Palaeontologists (
- provides practical support to the Editors and executive editorial board of APR so that they can follow the COPE Code of Conduct for Journal.
- protects intellectual property and copyright.
- ensures that good practice is maintained to the standards defined above.